The popular story of how Gilchrist County came into being concerns a bluff by citizens in the western part of Alachua County. The citizens there in what was called "The West End" wanted a road from the Suwannee River at Fanning Springs to Gainesville, the county seat of Alachua County. When the County Commission refused to build the road, the citizens in the western part drew up plans for a new county and presented it to the Alachua County Commission.

When the County Commission still refused to build the road, the citizens had to save face, so they sent a petition that would create a new county to the Legislature, meeting then in a special session in Tallahassee. The bill passed and was signed by Governor John W. Martin on December 4, 1925. As a result, there came into being Florida's sixty-seventh county.